Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Born Too Short Free Essays

Multi year-old, five-foot one Matt Greene has one issue. He additionally has numerous abilities that go unnoticed. He is savvy and can play the guitar. We will compose a custom article test on Brought into the world Too Short or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now In any case, he doesn't get the regard because of him on account of his tallness. He doesn't play sports, and has gotten dismissed by young ladies he needs to date. They don't need a beau who is the size of a diminutive person. In contrast to Matt, his closest companion, Keith, was the coolest most well known person. He is everything that Matt isn't. He stands a transcending six feet three inches tall and is commander of the b-ball group. He doesn't have any issues getting dates with the young ladies. Matt tries to resemble him, yet he simply doesn't have a similar impact as Keith. Matt turned out to be exceptionally irate one day and admitted his envy of Keith to himself. He wanted that awful things would happen to Keith. He needed Keith’s sweetheart to dump him. He needed him to be awful at sports. He additionally needed Shania Twain, who was going to star in Keith’s father’s film, to resemble a pony. Abruptly the following day, the entirety of his desires began working out as expected. Keith’s sweetheart undermined him. Keith missed the last point in the title game, subsequently making his group lose. Shania Twain had an auto collision, and needed to have plastic medical procedure all over, and in the paper, she resembled a pony. Favorable luck fell upon Matt. He has a grant to Paris for music and got himself a sweetheart, named Jose. Subsequent to acknowledging what happened to Keith, Matt feels remorseful. He feels that his mystery envy has demolished his best friend’s life. He needed to make everything return to ordinary. He needed to converse with Keith to determine the contention. After a genuine discussion with Keith, Matt discovers that he shouldn't resemble his companion. He understands that each individual is extraordinary and that is the thing that makes individuals remarkable. He acknowledges the companionships that he imparts to Keith and Jose. Presently, Matt is increasingly cautious in his opinion of individuals without knowing how they might be feeling. Step by step instructions to refer to Born Too Short, Essay models

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Quest For Vengeance And Distorted Personalities Essay

Journey For Vengeance And Distorted Personalities - Essay Example This article analyzes the unfriendly impacts retaliation has had on the focal figure of Paulina in Death And The Maiden, and Claire Zachanassian in The Visit. Demise And The Maiden, joining easily components of anticipation, secret and profound quality, interlaces them with exceptionally fascinating bits of knowledge into the mental openings of a casualty, compelled to live with the open injuries of her mistreatment. The play, occurring in an anonymous nation, is set in the occasions when the nation has recently gotten away from a merciless extremist system. Paulina lives with her significant other Gerardo, who was previously an extremist neutralizing the fascism and is currently an individual from an advisory group doled out to examine human-rights infringement. A couple of years back, Paulina was captured and severely assaulted and tormented while blindfolded, by a twisted specialist who played Franz Schubert's group of four Passing And The Maiden. She accepts that the more bizarre that her better half has now brought into their house is the specialist liable for her horrendous experience. She detains the specialist, separates a constrai ned admission from him but then, rather than slaughtering him, releases him at long last. The play gives the peruser abundant opportunities to peer inside the tormented soul of Paulina and comprehend the degree to which her character has been mutilated by her past encounters. Paulina demands savagely that the detainee be put being investigated and resolvedly won't hear the moderate voice of her better half, indicating that she has lost all judiciousness and reason and is blinded by a horrendous anger. By portraying this, Dorfman has indicated how hunger for vengeance stays torpid, covering up underneath the layers of a victim's, for this situation Paulina's, character making a deception of regularity, calming the casualty's friends and family into a misguided feeling of lack of concern. In any case, when Paulina is demonstrated to remember a horrible encounter from quite a while ago, her contempt reemerges again with such viciousness that it stuns. When Paulina ties the specialist to a seat, she chokes him utilizing her undies. This activity of hers is profoundly adroit as it shows that the specialist's all out corruption is her principle point and that's it, and just the most mortifying treatment dispensed to her detainee will fulfill her. She does this in light of the fact that unknowingly she wants the specialist to experience the equivalent mental and passionate torment that she experienced. Seeing him defenseless, genuinely bound and choked, squirming excruciatingly and even incapable to take care of himself, gives her a profound, unreasonable fulfillment. Staying discreet exercises against the fundamentalist system of her nation and her mental fortitude during her imprisonment in see, we can securely to accept that Paulina is a better than average individual with a high good sense and faith in grandiose goals, for example, opportunity and equity, yet with regards to Dr. Roberto Miranda, she callously tosses each one of th ose standards to the breeze and turns into a tigress, anxious for blood. Dorfman successfully features the internal unrest of Paulina's spirit by comparing her tormented mind with physical verification of the amount she endures. The peruser can really feel her nerves rigid with pressure because of her cut discoursed and her similarly touchy criticisms. The accompanying tirade of hers, fills in as an away from of her enduring under a spell of disdain, as she says, And why

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Ultimate Guide to Brand Marketing

Ultimate Guide to Brand Marketing © Shutterstock.com | Leszek GlasnerIn this article, you will learn 1) what is brand marketing, 2) how branding and marketing are connected, 3) about the purpose of brand marketing, 4) the benefits of brand marketing, and 5) ways to use brand marketing for your business.WHAT IS BRAND MARKETINGA  brand name enables customers to (not) trust the quality of each service or product that a business is offering in the marketplace. The mention of a brand name (or view of a brand logo) recalls a customer’s perceptions and experiences, either positive or negative.Branding concepts extend way beyond the marketing of designer clothing or anything else. The brand represents an identity in the market â€" what they do, who they are, what standard of quality is provided, trustworthiness, reputation, etc. Therefore, brand marketing is vital to almost all businesses, from breakfast foods, to new technologies.The objectives of Brand Marketing and the recognition of a brand are:Instantly conjuring up a message.The enhancement of credibility.Prompting of an emotional response.Motivating a customer to buy and interact.Augmentation of customer loyalty.Even if an enterprise sells a generic product, a non-brand alternative, then this product still carries that producer’s name, and reputation. If one dislikes the generic alternative then a customer will think again before purchasing another “generic” product from that producer.Awareness of a company’s brand saves customers energy and time in investigating that company, making it simpler to decide about buying that enterprise’s services or product.‘Brand Marketing’ is as fully concerned about product quality as it is regarding communication. Second rate product quality affects the perception a customer for a brand much more than good quality can. Attention to quality must prevail upon all aspects of a company’s relationship with their customers, including on their social-media activity and company website. Internet bran d marketing cannot be tacked on as an afterthought, with minimal investment; any deficiency there will also negatively impact a company’s reputation, and along with it all its services and products.Companies strive to improve customer awareness of their reputation when developing a brand campaign. This means communicating what the company is, and how well it does it, and providing a means to trigger that information instantly to a customer’s mind. Instant recognition may be communicated via a logo appearing on company material so that it is ubiquitous people then associate that logo and its reputation with all products and services the company offers.Earned attention is more valued than ever and expertise in how an entity earns the publics attention is at the forefront of Brand Marketing. In this era anyone can communicate anything, brands need create and sustain an authentic, entertaining and transparent story in their relationship with a smart, networked public.A brand might have high customer awareness, but perhaps the message does not communicate to the customers’ key priorities, or it’s not reinforced by customer experience, or the product could be flawed.As a side note, feel free to read through this inspiring slides on how to create a great brand.[slideshare id=21209253doc=theimpossiblebrandformulabydavidbrier-130515092305-phpapp01w=640h=330]An evolving brand strategy is finally tested at the three points of interaction with customers. The first stage involves defining the brand’s meaning:How the brand must inhabit the customers minds.Manage the broadcast of the brand signals.Amplify the signals and battle the distortion.The message, was it received? Manage closely the customer response and reception.How a brand comes to inhabit the minds of the customers.Brand experience influences consumer behavior, this must be focused upon for negative feedback in the digital world is shared so rapidly and broadly, that it can be highly damaging.70% of co nsumers trust their friends brand recommendations, yet just 10% trust advertising. Brand experience then, determines the power of consumer influence, highly important when considering that the most powerful ad medium is by word of mouth. Brand experience accounts for 50 to 80 percent in any given product category.Brand experience is inherently social, being built upon ideas that people want to spend time with, and that people want to share. Research has illustrated that a positive brand experience has three times more potential to spark a conversations than adverts. Further, over 50% of the conversations triggered by brand experience spark a purchase.Brand experience generates pull that brings people into a brand through others’ advocacy. The digital era has greatly amplified this and accelerated its experiential reach and together they are perfectly suited.BRANDING AND MARKETINGA brand is the notion a customer has about a product, business, or service. That is based on his or her accumulated experience. This experience is a mixture of tangible and intangible concepts, images, words and a feeling.Therefore, if the role of Branding and Marketing is to create this Brand essence. Why do it? Because, if the target for a brand does not have a clear line of sight to business goals, then one is likely to be making poor decisions about the brand.Ultimately, a brand exists to create action, action that is likely to sell products and/or services. If a brand does not stimulate action, then it simply will not exist very long. Brands need to cause effect, and that has to be something focused, meaningful, memorable and sufficiently valuable to cause emotion and, subsequently action.The important points to owning a phrase in the minds of potential customers so that they believe you can credibly deliver, are:Top of mind. A brand needs to aim for exclusive ownership of a customer’s mind spaceEmotions. The brand needs to inculcate a feeling; not just a word, a jingle, an id ea or phrase.Emotion to action. The feeling is the law of causation, it should compel an action.When thimking of being top of mind with customers, this presentation covers how to create a memorable brand.[slideshare id=54559967doc=creatingamemorablebrandexpereince-151030101945-lva1-app6891w=640h=330]As I said, it is important that brands ingest emotions into customers that make them act. A great book about how to do that you can read now.[slideshare id=54501627doc=zzdoww15041redpapersbrandsthatdof2-151028233418-lva1-app6892type=dw=640h=330]What’s the difference between marketing and branding? Branding, as we have seen above, is the culture itself. The message that is empirical and permeates all the parameters of an enterprise.Marketing is the menu of tools and expertise that promotes a business, which in the digital age is a multi-platform endeavor â€" perhaps summed up by the Chartered Institute of Marketing as The management process responsible for identifying, anticipating and satisfying customer requirements profitably.Whatever one’s definition, marketing remains a crucial element of any brand â€" essentially being what one does to deliver a message and a guarantee to customers.The brand is how one maintains that guarantee with delivery and satisfaction to customers and colleagues.Branding and marketing are clearly not the same. They go hand in hand.Branding is the core of a marketing strategy. In order to build an effective brand, you need authenticity and clarity at each step of the process, allowing your target market to identify with your brand personality and values successfully.Branding is not a one off exercise that one does at the start of establishing a business. It is clearly an ongoing endeavor which permeates the processes, the culture, and one’s progress as a business; it necessitates loyalty and dedication that reflects upon a business. Ultimately, the actual measure of a branding and marketing success is in creating loyal customers who become brand ambassadors as well.What is brandingBranding is vital to any sized business, retail or B2B. Effective strategies offer a major edge in ever competitive scenarios. A brand is a promise to a customer and derived from who you are, who you wish to be, and the customers’ perceptions.Branding strategy cannot be disassociated from business strategy.Successful businesses and effective brands, focus intensely on customers and other facets of their business, rather than brand building. If a product is not competitive or market presence is declining, no brand will be healthy; therefore, confronting brand issues alone, will do little to reverse poor performance.Rather than ask, “Should we rebrand?” etc., ask questions from the customer perspective, i.e. “Do customers believe what we say?”, “How should we deliver on our promise to customers?” The answers will dispel assumptions.Having managed those points of interaction with customers will help the brand strategy to b e effective in order to shift demand at the fourth, and final stage.The meaning of a brand, and how it persists in customers’ mindsâ€"and the signals one chooses to convey that meaning.These signals get transmitted to employees, present and prospective customers, investors and any other stakeholder.But signals may be distorted for worse or amplified for better along the way, thus enterprises need continually to monitor and tweak their transmission.Eventually, these total interactions determine how a brand is received and subsequently, perceived, in the minds of customers, to stimulate buying and recommendation responses.What is marketingDeveloping a strategy for modern marketing is challenging. There is an array of interactive devices, platforms or channels the public use, e.g. laptop, smartphone, social networks and search engines. Marketing via traditional channels like Print, TV, and Radio has declined, but remain essential for many businesses.Regardless of this, we still need to research customer requirements, and offer successful products or services for different target segments, and broadcast this effectively.Our definition emphasizes marketings focus on the customer, while simultaneously implying a need to link to all our business facets to achieve profitability. The definition highlights four questions to be included in marketing strategies:Identifying. How do we define different groups of customers as market segments and as individuals?Anticipating. How do we use our market research to identify changing and future customers’ requirements?Satisfying. How do we assess the customer experience and encourage their loyalty and recommendations?Profitably. How can we choose a mix of marketing communications and services by using different channels which maximize return on investment?A key point of contemporary marketing is integration of various channels of communication to create a seamless customer journey â€" there are so many channels understand how these communication touch points influence people to support the brand.PURPOSE OF BRAND MARKETINGA brand today must breathe and live through its core values to survive.Some 87% of consumers globally believe business must give equality to societal issues and business issues, the better a brand examples its societal purpose every day, the more successful both the business and the social impact is â€" this has been an evolving and growing marketing fact for some years now.Even though empirical marketing lessons remain the same, these days a brand’s emotional impact on customers is directly in proportion to the social impact of one’s purpose and will become an even greater factor going forward:Send clear messages to customersConfirm your brand’s credibility.Connect to your target prospects emotionally.Prompt an emotional affirmation and Motivate the customer.Augment customer loyalty to your brand. A brand name that’s trusted ensures confidence and consideration  The American M arketing Association (AMA) describes a brand as a name, term, sign, symbol or design, or a combination of them intended to identify the goods and services of one seller or group of sellers, and to differentiate them from those of other sellers.”Branding is not about getting a target market to choose you over competitors, but more of having your prospects perceive you as the only enterprise which provides their solution.Understand the needs and wants of prospective customers.Integrate brand strategies of the business at every communication touch point with the public.The brand is in the minds and hearts of the customers, clients, and the prospects as the total of their experiences and perceptions of the products. As competition for customers intensifies daily, a robust brand image is priceless. It is crucial to invest in research, defining, and building the brand.The brand is a source of a promise to a consumer and a foundation of one’s marketing communication and is an asset.BEN EFITS OF BRAND MARKETINGFrom the small home enterprise to the largest corporation, only a minority have what may be classed as a brand. We associate brands with large organizations, yet the smallest enterprise uses branding methods with excellent benefits.Loyalty and RecognitionBranding’s main benefit is that customers are more certain to remember that company or product. Brand name, logo, and imagery, helps keep your company in the mind of the public.The Imagery of SizeStrong branding projects an image of an established business as the public usually associate branding with larger companies which have money to spend on marketing. By creating an effective brand, it can make a business seem larger.The image of establishment and size is important as a customer requires assurance that it will still exist in a few years’ time.The Imagery of QualityBrands project a quality image in a business. People see a brand as part of a service or product which helps to project your value and qu ality. It is regularly repeated that if one shows somebody two similar products, of which one is branded; they overwhelmingly believe the brand item is of higher quality.The Imagery of Reliability and ExperienceA robust brand gives the image of an established business which has existed long enough to be well known. A branded company is most likely to be perceived as being experienced with their services or products, and thus are generally viewed as being more trustworthy and reliable than an unbranded company.Multiple ProductsIf a business brand is strong, it allows linkage of several different products and ranges. Putting the brand identifier on each product or service being marketed, means that customers of one product will be more inclined to buy another product from the brand.Most of the public believe that a company would be hesitant to put a brand name on an item or service that is of poor quality. Good quality is not replaced with a brand, so bad publicity will damage a brand and a businesses image, particularly if inferior quality prevails and persists for a long period.WAYS TO BRAND MARKET YOUR BUSINESSWhether you are just starting up, already are a small business, or are an established firm, the re-appraisal of what it is you are all about, and to articulate the same, will apply to all. These days branding and marketing are not just about having something to sell â€" rather it has become an intricate science of communication and relationship building, with the public.Choosing Your Voice and PersonalityWhy you do what you do.Why this business is being built?Why do I wish to help, with our product, this particular group of people?What does it matter to me that this gets done?Though there is not a single formula for brand success, communication, as we have seen is key to creating and sustaining a company image.What is the brand?How do we wish to be perceived â€"casual and approachable, or formal and corporate, etc.?Can we be true to our identity all thr ough the existence of the brand?When you find that story, then repeatedly tell it, in your unique voice via the different channels.Outline the Values.Derived from the previous research, those values that you decide will then define you and the brand.Clarifying a solid set of values pushes one be consistent and also serves as the guiding principles of the company by permeating the enterprise.Define the Culture.The integrity of the organization heavily depends upon the culture cultivated in the business.Know your customer.Research how the current and potential customers perceive you and the business, use this as a launching pad to calibrate the brand so that it retains current customers while also attracting the ideal customer.Shout the message from the rooftops.The following points are most important to consider when planning a communication strategy:The company’s mission statement, which has been derived from self-questioning.Calls to action. What goals are set, and what is the pl an for the brand to entice the public?Those benefits that customers will receive from the brand, which we also answered at the beginning of this article.The chosen platforms for the product/s and the appropriate media channel for each.Communicate the Brand to the Public.Finally, you get to the point where marketing enters the story. One now has to decide what to do, to raise awareness about the brand.The previous steps, combined with your perceptive market research and analysis, will be crucial in choosing where and how to communicate the brand and effectively reach the target audience.Once you have the knowledge of ‘how customers perceive the brand’, you must uncover their preferred channels of communication whether that means local newspaper, the internet, adverts at transportation hubs or B2B publications. One has to use these channels to broadcast the brand. Not forgetting mobile phones. Mobile use for search increased from 25% in 2012 to 42% in 2014. If the branding is not cellular mobile compatible, one can lose out quite significantly.Be the Principle You Wish to Project.The holy grail of successful communication is Authenticity. Ensure the company culture and one’s intentions are in sync with the brand for when customers interact with the business, their expectations must not be disillusioned â€" you’ll never get them back! The same goes for adverts, personal contacts and one’s social pages identity.Startups and Small Businesses.Time and money is often tight. This does not mean one should neglect a products branding. One prevalent mistake is to rush to market thinking, I just need to get the product out there, and then get surprised at the backend when customers do not come a clambering.Luckily, it is possible to create a strong foundation for a brand with limited cash and time commitments. Though there is not a single recipe for branding, it also does not imply that you cannot create an excellent result for a business.Build your online foll owing. One has to remain agile constantly moving in sync with emerging channels and market tastes.In today’s marketplace, there is no better way to grow a personal or enterprise brand than via a strong following online. Follow a consistent communication that illustrates the company authentically, and the image will stand the tests of time. Let’s recap those main points:Define your Unique BrandDo not copy others. Be unique.Envisage the brand as an individual in the initial phases.Define the differences of your competition.Let adventure and innovation be the drivers.Build an allure and mystique about the brand.Create the strategy to force multiply the brand’s worth.Constantly deliver valueEvolve the brand yet consistently communicate to your customers. Develop their brand loyaltyHave branding in mind when communicating to customers.Be a consistent message to the customers.Don’t re-jig and repeat the tired old message.Engage and construct customer loyalty to a brand -by delive ring on the answers given to the questions posed, at the beginning of this article.CONCLUSIONHow does a brand inhabit the minds of customers?Consumers today have powerful resources at their beck and call. From wherever in the world, one can access customer reviews, blogs, and competitor’s websites.Amidst all this the better option is for a brand to fully embrace the natural consumer behavior. If the consumers are searching specific information but cannot find it, they get frustrated. If a brand offers access to everything needed to make a decision, customers will be thrilled.It is not sufficient to simply produce content. On the Internet, infinite resources are at hand and people want information, they want it exactly when they have questions. This is why it is so vital for a brand to create content which is available and accessible at the minimum. Information must function as a draw to find the information prospectives require, in that exact moment when questions are being asked. Create and distribute the right information. If you produce a guide on a topic that consumers have knowledge of, yet do not focus on the supplemental details that consumers are actively looking for and can’t find, your business ends up with an equivalent of nothing.Tailor and design what you create according to the specific needs of your audience, after the research has come in. This little guide is an example of such a concept â€" it was written because it was asked for.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Hipaa Compliance Laws And The Iso 17799 Security Standard...

THE HIPAA COMPLIANCE LAWS AND THE ISO 17799 SECURITY STANDARD Unit VII – Research Paper Margarita Olguin ITC 4390 Columbia Southern University September 14, 2016 THE HIPAA COMPLIANCE LAWS AND THE ISO 17799 SECURITY STANDARD The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act came into existence in 1996. It is part of government legislation that was created to safeguard medical information and any health records related to an individual. Government gave providers a deadline, April 14, 2003, for them to become HIPAA compliant, meaning, they had to have a plan in place to keep medical records private. The legislation directives are given by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The directives of the HIPAA compliance law indicate that any covered entities and their business associates must all comply in accordance with this law. In order to be compliant, there are four rules that must be looked at and implemented: HIPAA Compliance Rules 1. Privacy Rule 2. Security Rule 3. Enforcement Rule 4. Breach Notification Rule The HIPAA privacy rule requirements states that the entities and their associates must have administrative, physical and technical safeguards to ensure the security, integrity, and confidentiality of a person’s health information. The HIPAA Security Rule is more complex than rule number one as it entails several parts. There are three safeguards that must be implemented, Technical, Physical and Administrative. TheShow MoreRelatedThe ISO 17799 Framework621 Words   |  3 PagesISO 17799 ISO 17799 is a detailed security standard organized into major areas of business continuity planning, system access control, system development and maintenance, physical and environmental security, compliance, personnel security, security organization, computer and operations management, asset classification, and control and security policy (Violino, 2005). This framework provides a high level of assurance in various areas of business. It is the most obvious for security and coversRead MoreTft2 Cyberlaw, Regulations, and Compliance1320 Words   |  6 PagesRunning Head: Policy Statements 1 Policy Statements Kevin Corey Western Governors University Policy Statements 2 Internationally security techniques and standards, such as ISO 17799, establish guidelines that organizations must implement in order to maintain information security. Information must be protected from those without a readily need to know to perform organizational business functions. Unauthorized access to information can have a detrimental impact on an organizationRead MoreBusiness Information Systems31162 Words   |  125 PagesReference: p. 18 27. Inadequate data management is an example of the ___________ dimension of business problems. a. technical b. organizational c. people d. management Answer: a Difficulty: Medium Reference: p. 18 28. Legal and regulatory compliance is an example of which dimension of business problem? a. Management b. Organizational c. People d. Ethical Answer: c Difficulty: Hard Reference: p. 18 29. Aging hardware and outdated software are examples of which dimension of business problem

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Waterfalls Essay Topics Cover Up

The Waterfalls Essay Topics Cover Up There's a selection of essay types, and every one of them are able to assist you in developing your abilities and widening your knowledge. The important thing is finding the topic that may satisfy the necessities of the school, class, and teacher most effectively. The intent of assigning an essay to middle school students is to make awareness and permit them to develop writing skills. The ways they should be taught about their health. Research papers are somewhat more complex than the essays you have written before. Students will discover that it's simpler to write about topics they're interested in, and it'll make the researching process much simpler. Research-based topics require students to assemble information till they write. Curriculum proposal topics is a means to try. Waterfalls Essay Topics: No Longer a Mystery You might be offered a list of essay prompts to pick from. It's always better if you've already been assigned an es say, but if you're not, and you would like to choose one for your small business essay, TutorVersal is here for your help. To locate argumentative essay topics easy on various platforms, you want to comprehend about the argumentative essay. Even though the essay questions change, the topic of the essays often stays the same. Essay writing is a significant portion of the XAT Exam especially because it's conducted together with the major exam. Reading example essays works precisely the same way! An argumentative essay is a certain kind of academic writing. Whether an essay, dissertation, or some other paper help is going to be provided timely. You always intuitively understand as soon as an intriguing essay idea is in fact the ideal idea for you. Argumentative essay topics are so important since they are debatableand it's critical to at all times be critically contemplating the world around us. There are just a few things that define whether an essay you're working on is going to be a good one. Bear in mind you could make funny argumentative essays if you do a few things. This article will present how you're able to produce an intriguing topic alongside top 10 examples. To choose which subject you're likely to discuss, it's essential to see the complete collection of good persuasive speech topic s from the special area of study. Make certain you have learned all the smallest details before you begin. When research papers are assigned, it's critical to choose a topic which fits with the requirements from the training course. The Supreme Strategy for Waterfalls Essay Topics Colleges are more inclined to admit students who can articulate certain explanations for why the school is a superb fit about them beyond its reputation or ranking on any list. An excellent start is a guarantee of succeeding. Occasionally it only appears simple, but lots of students forget about the sort of academic writing they have to stick with. To begin with, your key to winning essay is a very clear comprehension of what it is you are likely to handle. Type of Waterfalls Essay Topics There isn't a single foolproof method to settle Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Argumentative essays suppose there is a discussion opposed to a single viewpoint, while persuasive ones involve supporting just one po sition. Getting in a position to compose a strong argument can help you succeed in society. The best approaches to accept the society and help it become accept you. Argumentative Essay As the name implies, you must present an argument on a topic. Researching your essay may be a true pain. With all these topics covered over and over, it's sometimes more effective to alter the topic a bit to make it a bit different. Each topic is broken into subtopics that you should prepare. You need to be very careful when choosing an essay topic. If you're genuinely interested in a topic then it is significantly simpler to study and you are not as likely to stop. Facts, Fiction and Waterfalls Essay Topics Creative Essay writing is currently recognized among the most useful activity for kids for their general personality development. Contribute your thoughts and people are sure to read! They are the true cause of climate change. Man continues to find out more about his effect on the environment of Earth. Possessing relevant vocabulary for each topic will offer you a huge advantage. To start with, your motivation for a writer is affected by the essay topic you pick. Therefore, the topic you select plays a very important role. The Essay Topics list is provided for English i n addition to Hindi section. Who Else Wants to Learn About Waterfalls Essay Topics? Another good idea is to receive some totally free essay examples of different sorts and on various subjects to find a general idea of the way in which a thriving debatable paper looks. It is likewise very beneficial to pick a notable bit of writing which doesn't need to be introduced to the audience. If you're thinking that you will need someone to compose my essay at the moment, you can just rely on our honest reviews. If you aim to compose a fantastic essay, you ought to take into consideration that any bit of writing has its hidden obstacles. Don't neglect to write the last part, that is the conclusion of your essay paper. There are lots of different Business-related essay topics a student can select from, and as mentioned earlier, all of them need a good deal of work and patience put into it for it to develop into an essay that could help you get high grades. By doing this it is possible to easily finish the descriptive paper. Understanding how to compose a strong argumentative paper will help you advance your very own argumentative thinking. The manner in which you formulate your argument heavily is dependent upon the essay type. Needless to say, you can begin with a broader concept, and after that bring the audience to your primary statement. A remaining tip in regard to essay format is to make sure you publish within the nearby dialect. The central intention of any introduction is presenting the principal idea of your definition essay, in different words, you are to state clearly what it is you're likely to define.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Asia europe transport problems Free Essays

string(84) " network formulated in the corridor South-East Asia – China – Mongolia\." Recent political and economic developments at the global and regional levels have resulted in a more conducive development environment in the Asian and Pacific region and the opening-up of opportunities for international trade and tourism development for the developing countries of the region, including those which are landlocked. Nevertheless, the lack of unhindered access to the sea adds transport costs and time to international trade transactions. In addition, landlocked countries face greater transport risks and hazards than countries which have direct access to nternational sea routes. We will write a custom essay sample on Asia europe transport problems or any similar topic only for you Order Now The United Nations has addressed the specific concerns of landlocked countries in a number of documents. Among those which are directly related to transport are the following: General Assembly resolution 50/97 of 20 December 1995 on specific actions related to the particular needs and problems of landlocked developing countries; â€Å"Global framework for transit transport cooperation between landlocked and transit developing countries and the donor community† (TD/B/LDC/AC. /6); â€Å"Problem of physical infrastructure development of the landlocked countries, ncluding economies in transition† (E/ESCAP/SREC(7)/3); and â€Å"Progress report on measures designed to improve the transit transport environment in Central Asia† (A/ 51/288). With Just-in-time delivery becoming almost a prerequisite for efficient international trade, particularly in an increasingly competitive market environment, adequate attention must be given to resolving problems in transport areas whi ch are crucial for the efficient development of the international trade of landlocked countries. The inauguration in May 1996 of a new rail line linking the Islamic Republic of Iran nd Turkmenistan, thus completing a new â€Å"silk rail route† from China to Europe via the landlocked countries of Central Asia; the priority attention of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the development of the necessary physical infrastructure, as well as bilateral and multilateral agreements for international transport particularly to and from Central Asia; the establishment in May 1996 of a forum for the comprehensive development of regions along the second Europe-Asia continental bridge which is of importance to Mongolia and the landlocked countries of Central Asia; the initiative of he Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) on the development of a rail link from Singapore through Malaysia, Thailand, Viet Nam or the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and on to Kunming, China; and the recently completed study of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on tr ansport and transit needs, including those of Nepal and Bhutan, are vivid illustrations of the commitment of the member countries of ESCAP to the development of a land transport network in Asia in The present note highlights some of the issues and problems of physical and soft nfrastructure in the main modes of transport (with emphasis on land transport, inland waterways and connections to seaports) which serve the landlocked countries in the region, namely Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. l. MAJOR ISSUES AND PROBLEMS IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR To improve the efficiency and competitiveness of international trade and tourism in the landlocked countries of the region, the following issues relating to major modes of transport need to be addressed: (a) choice of alternative transit routes; b) reduction of transit costs and time along the transport routes; and (c) cooperation among the organizations concerned. A. Choice of alternative transit routes Although many of the landlocked countries in the region have several potential routes to seaports, most of them are heavily dependent on one main transit route because of limited resources and, in some cases, the limited options open to them in the past as a result of the political situation at that time. This render these countries vulnerable to disruption of transit services owing to national disasters, technical and operational breakdowns, labour disputes and conflicts. Moreover, in view of regionalization and globalization of economic development, different access routes to different seaports may be required for efficient transport of goods to trade partners located in different parts of the globe. Therefore, it is important for any landlocked country to have a choice of transit land transport routes (and inland waterways if applicable) to the main seaports in Asia, as well as a choice of air transport routes and connections to major subregional, regional and global destinations. In addition, in view of the development of trade within Asia, as well as between Asia and Europe, there is an increasing demand for reliable and efficient intra-Asia and Asia-Europe land bridges with connections to landlocked countries in the region. The landlocked countries need to be part of an integrated approach to the development of an intra-Asia and Asia-Europe land transport network of international importance. 1. Formalization of the international land transport network in Asia The Commission at its forty-eighth session, held in Beijing in April 1992, endorsed comprising the Asian Highway; the Trans-Asian Railway; and facilitation of land ransport, as a priority for phase II (1992-1996) of the Transport and Communications Decade for Asia and the Pacific. The objective of the project is to assist in creating a land transport network in Asia to facilitate international trade and tourism. The route selection criteria include capital-to-capital links and connections to main industrial and agricultural centres, and connections to major seaports and river ports, as well as to major container terminals and depots. The network should also provide interregional land transport linkages, particularly with the region of the Economic Commission for Europe. The project enjoys support from 25 ESCAP members, including all the landlocked countries except Armenia, Azerbaijan and Bhutan which have yet to Join the project. Armenia and Azerbaijan, however, are participating in activities that are related to ALTID. With the successful implementation of phase I (1994-1995) of the ALTID project, considerable progress has been achieved in the formulation of the international land transport network in Asia linking landlocked countries. The Asian Highway network (see figure l) has been revised in the southern corridor connecting the Islamic Republic of Iran – South Asia – South-East Asia (which includes he landlocked countries of Afghanistan, Nepal and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic), and a new network formulated in the corridor South-East Asia – China – Mongolia. You read "Asia europe transport problems" in category "Papers" A study on the development of highway networks in the landlocked Asian republics (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) to identify the potential Asian Highway routes in those countries was completed in 1996. The Trans-Asian Railway network includes the following land bridges between Asia and Europe: Europe-Russian Federation and/or China-Korean peninsula; Europe-Islamic Republic of Iran-Central Asia-China (New Silk Railway); Europe-Islamic Republic of Iran-South Asia-South-East Asia. With the completion during phase I ofa feasibility study on connecting the rail networks of China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, the Russian Federation and the Korean peninsula, and a project on the Trans-Asian Railway in the Indo-China and ASEAN subregions, the network has been formulated in the northern corridor of the Asia-Europe routes (see fgure II) which includes the landlocked countries of Kazakstan and Mongolia, and in the Indo-China and ASEAN subregions (see figure Ill), the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. A potential Trans- Asian Railway network in the southern corridor of the Asia-Europe routes (of importance to Afghanistan and Nepal) was also identified (see fgure ‘V) through a related preliminary study. The Commission at its fifty-second session reiterated its strong support for the ALTID project and emphasized the importance of its completion and of improving the operational efficiency of both the Asian Highway and Trans-Asian Railway networks, including the Asia-Europe links, at the earliest possible date. The Commission adopted resolution 52/9 of 24 April 1996 on Intra-Asia and Asia-Europe land bridges. rogramme of the New Delhi Action Plan on Infrastructure Development in Asia and the Pacific. It also approved the plan of action for the implementation of phase II (1996-1997) of the ALTID project, which includes a detailed study on the southern corridor of the Trans-Asian Railway, and it decided that a study on the development of the Railway in the corridor connecting South-East and North-East Asia (including the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Mongolia) should be undertaken and that similar studies on the development of the Asian Highway and the Trans-Asian Railway in the corridor connecting northern Europe with the Russian Federation to the landlocked countries of Central Asia and the Islamic Republic of Iran should be included in the projected phase Ill (1998-1999) of the project. 13. When completed and fully operational for the whole of Asia, the land transport network could provide landlocked countries in the region with a choice of alternative land transport routes to major seaports in Asia, and land transport and land-cum-sea links to any other country in Asia and Europe. However, to realize such a potential, the landlocked countries must have unhindered access to the network. . Unhindered access to the international land transport network in Asia The construction of the regional land transport network and all related infrastructure is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for reliable and efficient international transport. A legal framework is also required to provide the basis for unhindered access to the routes for efficient international trade and tourism. A coordinated plan for the development of international land transport routes and services based on agreed performance parameters and standards is also essential. This has been vividly demonstrated by the experience of Europe, where the ollowing four major all-European transport agreements have been adopted: (a) The European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries (AGR Agreement) of 1975, which defines the major European roads and establishes uniform technical characteristics; (b) The European Agreement on Main International Railway Lines (AGC Agreement) of 1985, which determines the major lines and infrastructure parameters of the European railway network; (c) The European Agreement on Important International Combined Transport Lines and Related Installations (AGTC Agreement) of 1991, which is the first European ultilateral treaty governing international combined road/rail container and piggyback transport; (d) International infrastructure agreement covering European inland waterways Oanuary 1996). recommended that a legal framework should be developed for Asia in the form of ESCAP agreements on the Asian Highway and Trans-Asian Railway, taking into consideration the related experience of the European Union. With such ESCAP agreements in place, all the countries in Asia, including the landlocked countries, would enjoy free access to road and rail transport routes of international importance. 3. Inland waterways of international importance to some of the landlocked countries in Asia Inland water transport can play an important role for the regional or international trade of some landlocked countries. A number of rivers in these countries can potentially provide the cheapest means of communication with neighbouring countries, or even through them to other countries in the world. For instance, a number of tributaries of the Brahmaputra River flow out of Bhutan through India to Bangladesh; the Lao People’s Democratic Republic is bordered or bisected by the Mekong River which flows through China, Myanmar, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam; Mongolia gives rise to the Yenisey, the Angara and the Amur-Heilongjiang rivers which link the country to China and the Russian Federation; and Nepal has three of the four largest tributaries of the Ganges River flowing from India to Bangladesh. The improvement and development of inland water transport infrastructure and services would benefit all of these countries in various ways, including cost savings, environmental protection and energy savings. In addition, transit by water is more easily accepted by operators of seaports located at river mouths and it is less prone o losses, pilferage and breakage than transit by road and rail. At the present time, however, the rivers are not fully utilized for navigation in most landlocked countries. Most of the rivers are still in a natural state without appropriate improvement and marking. Water levels in the rivers are not always regular or sufficient and the gradient is often very steep. In some river sections, the waterways are full of rapids and shoals which endanger vessel navigation or even interrupt it entirely. Some rivers are blocked with siltation, cables, pipelines, bridges, dams and other structures along or crossing them. Few aids to navigation are nstalled to mark the navigable channels in the rivers. All these factors limit the free use of the rivers for transport. However, the potential of inland water transport for international trade should be evaluated. In order to promote the use of rivers for transport which would serve the needs of landlocked countries, ESCAP is implementing several projects under the regional action programme of the New Delhi Action Plan on Infrastructure Development, which was launched by the Ministerial Conference on Infrastructure in October 1996. One of the projects is on the harmonization of requirements relating to international mportance of common or well harmonized rules, and provide guidance with regard to navigation rules, aids to navigation, the carriage of dangerous goods, facilitation measures and waterway classifications for internationally navigable rivers. Another important project is on the development of inland water transport infrastructure and services. This project includes a regional strategic study for the development of inland water transport in the ESCAP region. An intensive investigation will be carried out to identify the problems faced by the inland water transport sector. The situation ill be compared with successful experiences in other parts of the world. This study should provide a clear picture of the advantages and disadvantages of inland water transport in specific situations, identify opportunities for development and suggest regional actions and national policy options to expand the use of rivers for navigation in the ESCAP region. Expert group and policy-level meetings will be held to discuss the findings and suggestions of the study. Necessary follow-up actions will be taken at both the regional and national levels. With regard to some landlocked Asian republics, the same opportunity may exist or transit transport through inland waterways. Specific studies need to be carried out to identify the potential for the expanded use of inland waterways. 4. Air transport It goes without saying that reliable and efficient air transport is crucial for the economic and social progress of landlocked countries. While the emphasis in this paper is on related aspects of land transport, inland waterways and maritime linkages and transport, the following activities of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) have been included in the regional action programme 1997-2001) of the New Delhi Action Plan on Infrastructure Development in Asia and the Pacific and endorsed by the Ministerial Conference on Infrastructure: programme of transition to the new civil aviation communications, navigation and surveillance and air traffic management system; programme for economic reform in civil aviation in Asia and the Pacific; programme for the protection of the environment in the vicinity of airports; improvement and harmonization of flight safety standards; expansion of the UNDP-promoted ICAO TRAINAIR programme; and poverty alleviation through rural airfield development in least developed countries. These projects address major problem areas in air transport in the Asian and Pacific region, includ ing in the landlocked countries. B. Reduction of transit time and costs along the transport routes of While the formulation of an international land transport network in Asia is in progress through the implementation of the ALTID project, there are already a provide the landlocked countries with access to seaports. These are reflected in table 1. 1. Reduction of transit time and costs at border crossings and ports Even when all necessary infrastructure is in place, the delay of vehicles at border rossings can entail tremendous losses of resources and time. A similar problem occurs when the waiting time is long for ships to be loaded and unloaded in seaports which serve landlocked countries. When international inland waterways are available for use, delays of cargo at cross-border points have similar economic effects. a) Facilitation of land transport at border-crossings (i)Commission resolution 48/11 on road and rail transport modes in relation to facilitation measures Recognizing that harmonized transport facilitation measures are a prerequisite for efficient international trade and transport along road and rail routes of nternational importance, the Page 1 1 Commission at its forty-eighth session adopted resolution 48/11 of 23 April 1992 on road and rail transport modes in relation to facilitation measures. By that resolution, it recommended that the countries in the region, if they had not already done so, consider the possibility of acceding to seven international conventions. The status of the accession of the landlocked and neighbouring countries in Asia to the international conventions is shown in table 2. It is clear that in order to facilitate international and bilateral trade and tourism the constructive cooperation of the ountries is required to create a minimum legal basis for land transport cross-border traffic. In this respect ESCAP adopted a subregional approach to providing assistance to countries. A special seminar for the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) subregion (with the participation of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) on the implications and benefits of accession to the conventions was held in Tehran in November 1994. A similar seminar for the North-East Asian countries (including the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Mongolia) was conducted in May 1996 in Bangkok. Another seminar for countries of the Greater Mekong subregion (including the Lao People’s Democratic Republic) was organized Jointly by ESCAP and the Asian Development Bank at It is very encouraging to note that Uzbekistan has acceded to six conventions, and Kazakstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan have each acceded to four. However, Afghanistan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan are each party to only two; Azerbaijan, to one; and Bhutan, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mongolia and Nepal to none at all. A similar situation of accession to few or no convention occurs in the neighbouring ountries of Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam. Such a situation calls for the urgent implementation of Commission resolution 48/11 by all landlocked countries and their neighbouring countries. Transit facilitation Transit transport plays a particularly important role in the development of landlocked countries. Two international conventions, namely the Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit, Barcelona, 20 April 1921 (popularly referred to as the â€Å"Barcelona Transit Convention†), and the Convention on Transit Trade of Landlocked States, New York, 8 July 1965 (â€Å"New York Transit Convention†) assist in facilitating the transit transport of landlocked countries. However, only a few of the Asian landlocked countries and their neighbouring countries are contracting parties of these conventions, as indicated in table 3. There is clearly great potential to improve transit transport in the region. It is recommended that the landlocked countries and the neighbouring countries should accede, if they have not already done so, to the Barcelona and New York transit conventions as soon as possible. The development of a subregional multilateral transit treaty/agreement also ppears to be a promising approach to transit facilitation. Preparation of such a draft transit treaty for the ECO region, for example, could be carried out as part of the project on international transport development in the ECO region, which is being proposed Jointly by ESCAP, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and ECO for possible funding by the Islamic Development Bank. (iii) Multilateral and bilateral agreements on land transport facilitation Multilateral and bilateral agreements which govern land transport at border crossings are of great importance to the landlocked countries in Asia. Given the role f the agreements in promoting international traffic, a database covering mainland Asia is being established at ESCAP as part of the ALTID project. As indicated above, there are several main rivers in Asia which may be used by landlocked countries for international transport. To facilitate navigation and river basin development activities, a draft agreement on commercial navigation on the Lancang Jiang – Mekong River (upper reaches of the Mekong River) between the Governments of China, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Thailand has been drawn up and it is expected that this agreement will be signed in the near uture. The Agreement on Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin was signed on 5 April 1995 between the countries of the Lower Mekong River basin (Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Thailand and Viet Nam). The Mekong River Commission is the institutional framework through which the Agreement will be implemented. The bilateral agreement between Bangladesh and India, which is signed on a biennial basis, could also be of practical interest to landlocked countries. Similar arrangements which take into account the related experience in other regions could e of great practical value in facilitating international inland water transport in Asia, including in landlocked countries. c) Facilitation of maritime traffic In addition to facilitation for land transport and transport on inland waterways, facilitation of maritime traffic plays an important role in improving the efficiency of the international land-cum-sea transport systems which serve the land locked In an era of large ships with efficient cargo operations resulting in very short stays in port, the delays caused by documentary â€Å"red tape† result in extra costs and time. To improve the situation, countries in the region having seaports (including those serving landlocked countries) are adopting the Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic, 1965 (FAL Convention) as amended. The objective of the FAL Convention is to simplify the procedures for the inward clearance of ships, cargoes, passengers and crew on arrival in a port. This can be achieved by the utilization of six standard declaration forms and the adoption of common standards for processing documentation. However, among the ESCAP members and associate members, only Australia, China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, Fiji, India, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Marshall Islands, New Zealand, the Russian Federation, United States of America and Vanuatu are party (as of January 1997) to the FAL Convention. It is clear that there is potential to improve the efficiency of the land- cum-sea routes serving landlocked countries if all the coastal countries concerned accede to the FAL Convention. To assist the countries in the process of acceding to the Convention, ESCAP, in cooperation with the International Maritime Organization, ommenced in 1993 a four-year programme of country-level workshops and subregional seminars to promote the adoption of the FAL Convention and the implementation of its provisions. (d) Corridor studies To assist member countries in Asia, including landlocked countries, in the facilitation of cross-border traffic, ESCAP undertakes corridor studies to identify non- physical impediments to the flow of goods which cause delays and add unnecessary costs to the transport process. One such study, for example, was completed in 1994 in the corridor Singapore – Malaysia – Thailand – the Lao People’s Democratic Republic – Viet Nam. The study was extended in 1995 to cover Cambodia and in 1996 to include Myanmar. The study revealed the following impediments: restrictions on the movement of vehicles and drivers across borders; restrictions on the movement of cargo between the port and inland origin/destination without customs inspection in the port; restrictions on the movement of third country or transit cargo; limitations on the effective use of multimodal transport; and failure to make use of available technology and information to plan port and cargo-handling operations. The reports lso provided recommendations for dealing with these impediments. A study carried out by ADB on regional technical assistance to the Greater Mekong subregion for mitigation of non-physical barriers to cross-border movement of goods and people (completed in October 1996) should also be mentioned in this context. Similar studies are to be carried out as recommended by the Ministerial Conference on Infrastructure along the major intra-Asia and Asia-Europe land bridges, with the next ESCAP study planned for the corridor Port of Bandar Abbas (Islamic Republic of Iran) – landlocked countries of Central Asia – China. One other impediment frequently found in the landlocked countries in Asia is a lack of a proper coordinating mechanism at the national level among the ministries and agencies involved in cross-border procedures and formalities. 2. Improvement of transport logistics Multimodal transport, freight forwarding and electronic data interchange (ED’) play an increasingly important role in the development of international trade. Just- in-time delivery, which is becoming a prerequisite for competitive international trade, increases the need for a highly efficient integrated system of despatch, transport and How to cite Asia europe transport problems, Papers

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Russia free essay sample

Russia is one of the largest states in the universe. Its entire country is over 17 million square kilometers. It is situated both in Europe and in Asia. There are different types of clime on its district. It is really cold in the North even in summer, and really warm in the South even in winter. There are many rivers in Russia, the longest are the Volga and the Yenisei and the Ob . The population of Russia is about 150 million people. The capital of our state is Moscow. As for the political system, Russia is a federal democracy. The legislative organic structure of the state is State Duma and the executive organic structure is a Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister. The president is the caput of the province and the authorities. He is elected every four old ages. Large alterations in political and economical life have happened in Russia during last old ages. We will write a custom essay sample on Russia or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Our state is involved in the complicated procedure of formation of wholly new dealingss in international and domestic life. First the political life has been changed. For the first clip since 1917 we have started the concept ion of democratic society, the rectification of all errors made by the Communist government for 70 old ages. The most hard thing is the alter-nation of people s outlook. As now there is no such impression like â€Å"capitalism is the socialism s enemy† usual for the consciousness of many coevalss of former Soviet citizens. The alterations in the domain of economic system are being done with great troubles. Almost all the connexions between the democracies of the former USSR have been broken. The formation of the new economic system is a really long procedure of creative activity of new economic connexions with interior and foreign spouses. The political aspirations of many states of the former USSR and difficult rising prices processes in the state are the existent obstructions on the manner to the new economic system. But in malice of all these facts we should state, that Russia is traveling in front. This can be proved, for illustration, by the attitude to our state in the universe, by the first democratic elections of the President of Russia. This event became the great landmark in the history of the renewed Russian province. We believe in the great hereafter of Russia.